The difference between luminaire standards and EU directives - Interpretation of LVD latest directives
In 2014, the European Union published a series of latest directives. The two most closely related to the LED industry are the LVD Directive 2014/35/EU and the EMC Directive 2014/30/EU.
2014 represents the age of the edition, the middle number represents the serial number, and the EU is the English abbreviation of the European Union (formerly the European Community Communities, the abbreviation word is EC).
The new LVD Directive 2014/35/EU will be implemented on April 20, 2016. Member States must complete the legislative process by April 19, 2016. In other words, the VOC (Compliance Statement) based on the old low voltage directive will not be accepted after April 20, 2016.
The updated EMC Directive is numbered 2014/30/EU and will take effect on April 18, 2014. The old EMC Directive 2004/108/EC will be abolished on April 20, 2016.
When these instructions are updated, what is the impact on the design requirements of the product? I believe this is a question we are concerned about.
In addition, when these two instructions are updated, has the standard of our product testing changed? What is the difference and correlation between instructions and standards? In fact, this is also the place we are most likely to confuse.
Below I try to make some explanations. If there is something wrong, I hope you can help me correct me:
This is a CE-LVD certificate for a desk lamp, TheLVDDirective2014/35/EU stands for the latest low voltage directive; the next is EN60598-2-4:1997/EN60598-1:2008+A11:2009/EN62493:2010/ EN62471:2008/EN62031:2008+A1:2013/EN61347-2-13:2006/EN61347-1:2008+A1:2011+A2:2013 has seven standards.
The age of each standard suffix is the time of the corresponding version of the standard. At this time, some people will be confused, why the suffix years are so different, there are 2013, and 1997, but the LVD order is 2014?
Because the standard update is not synchronized with the update of the instruction: the detection standard we choose is also called the harmonized standard. When testing the product, we need to use these standards for testing.
Therefore, the same instruction, but for different products, it is necessary to adopt different standards. The lamp has the standard of the lamp, the power source has the standard of the power source, and the home appliance has the standard of the home appliance. But the instructions are the same.
There will be a transition period, whether it is an update of the order or a standard update. The LVD Directive was updated in 2014, but it will not be abolished until 2016.
One of the most obvious differences between standards and directives is that the subjects are different. The directives are uniformly formulated by the European Union, while the standards are formulated by the International Electrotechnical Commission.
The directive can be understood as a regulation made by the European Union. The CE certificate we refer to means that we claim that the products we produce meet certain regulations. (So we say that CE certification is a self-declared form of certification).
There are two forms of CE certificates for LED lighting products, one is COC, which is a certificate issued by a third-party testing agency. The other is the DOC, which is a certificate issued by the manufacturer himself.
In fact, these two kinds of certificates are needed, but many people who do foreign trade do not know, and even some foreign buyers have not figured out that they think that there is a CE certificate issued by a third-party testing agency, and it is only when the goods arrive at the port. The information provided by the defendant is incomplete.
Buyers who truly understand the EU regulations, in addition to the CE certificate of the third-party testing agency, will also require the manufacturer to provide a DOC certificate.